Construction and Building Materials

Construction and Building Materials

Materials in Construction provides an exciting insight into the fundamentals of the most important materials in construction. The focus here is on the starting materials and properties of concrete. The module is included in a Bachelor compulsory module.


The module “Construction Materials” is a mandatory lecture within the Bachelor's degree and diploma program of civil engineering. The lecture includes Material Mechanics (Prof. Dr.-Ing. M. Vormwald) and Building Materials (Prof. Dr. ir. E.A.B. Koenders).

The building materials portion will focus on the most important materials for building construction, specifically concrete. In addition to starting materials for concrete, components such as aggregates, additives, characteristic fresh and hardened concrete properties, and calculations for normal concrete compositions are included in the lecture.

Lecture teaching videos

In the context of an e-learning project, we have created teaching videos for the course “Materials in Civil Engineering”. The videos are a didactic addition to this course and serve to give students a clear understanding of concrete as a material as well as essential testing methods, thus linking the theory learned with practice.

Here you will find our collection of short explanatory videos on the production of standard concrete and test specimens as well as on various test methods for fresh and hardened concrete properties.

The two videos for insight into concrete practice complete our collection of short explanatory videos. One video shows how precast concrete elements (shaft frames) are produced in the plant and then placed on the construction site in the Albvorland Tunnel. A second video explains how ready-mix concrete is produced in the plant and placed as fresh concrete on the construction site.

Contact: Kira Weise , Marc Zeitler

Production of normal concrete

Production of normal concrete according to DIN EN 480-1

Production of specimens for hardened concrete tests

Production of specimens for hardened concrete tests according to DIN EN 12390-2

Flow table test

Flow table test according to DIN EN 12350-5


Slump-test according to DIN EN 12350-2

Vebe test

Vebe test according to DIN EN 12350-3

Degree of compactability

Degree of compactability according to DIN EN 12350-4

Fresh concrete density

Fresh concrete density according to DIN EN 12350-6

Air content

Air content according to DIN EN 12350-7

Compressive strength

Compressive strength according to DIN EN 12390-3

Flexural strength

Flexural strength according to DIN EN 12390-5

Tensile splitting strength

Tensile splitting strength according to DIN EN 12390-6

Ready-mix concrete plant

Production of ready-mix concrete and placing on the construction site

Precast plant

Production of shaft frames for tunnel cable shafts in the casting process


Professor Prof. Dr. ir. E.A.B. Koenders
Supervision by: M.Sc. Maximilian Mayer
Rotation Winter Semester
Credit Points 8 CP

Literature recommendations

In addition to lecture notes, exercises and the “Betontechnischen Daten”, it is recommended to take advantage of the large selection of scientific literature at the university library.

Institutsreihe: Werkstoffe im Bauwesen
Hiese, Wolfram, Wilhelm Scholz und Harald Knoblauch: Baustoffkenntnis, Werner, Neuwied, September 2007. ISBN 3804152279 (umfassend, sehr empfehlenswert)
Mallon, Thomas: Bauchemie, Vogel, Würzburg, 2005. 3-8343-3007-8 (im TU-Netz als e-book)
Rudolf Karsten: Bauchemie – Handbuch für Studium und Praxis, Müller, Karlsruhe, 1992. 978-3788075606 (gebraucht günstig zu haben)
Roland Benedix: Bauchemie – Einführung in die Chemie für Bauingenieure und Architekten, Vieweg+Teubner, Wiesbaden, 2008. 978-3-8348-0584-3 (im TU-Netz als e-book)
Jochen Stark, Bernd Wicht; Zement und Kalk – der Baustoff als Werkstoff, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2000. 3-7643-6216-2 (empfehlenswert, detailliert)
Otto Henning, Dietbert Knöfel: Baustoffchemie – eine Einführung für Bauingenieure und Architekten, Bauverlag, Wiesbaden, 1989. 3-7625-2618-4
Hermann Schäffler, Erhard Bruy, Günther Schelling: Baustoffkunde – Aufbau und Technologie, Arten und Eigenschaften, Anwendung und Verarbeitung der Baustoffe, Vogel, Würzburg, 2005. 3-8343-3027-2
R. Wendehorst, D. Vollenschaar: Baustoffkunde, Vincentz, Hannover, 2004. 3-87870-778-9